The report is a rather unexplored, but quite common work in educational institutions. Distinguish between oral and written reports (similar in content to the abstract).

Report - a type of independent research work, where the author reveals the essence of the problem under study; gives different points of view, as well as his own views on her.

Stages of work on the report.

Selection and study of the main sources on the topic (as well as when writing an abstract, it is recommended to use at least 8 - 10 sources).

Compilation of bibliography.

Processing and systematization of the material. Preparation of conclusions and generalizations.

Development of a report outline.


Public presentation of the research results.

The report combines three qualities of a researcher: the ability to conduct research, the ability to present the results to the audience, and skillfully answer questions.

A distinctive feature of the report is a scientific, academic style.

Academic style is a very special way of presenting text material, most suitable for writing educational and scientific papers. This style defines the following norms:

sentences can be long and complex;

words of foreign origin, various terms are often used;

introductory constructions of the type "most likely", "in our opinion" are used;

the author's position should be as less expressed as possible, that is, there should be no pronouns "I", "my (point of view)";

stamps and common words can be found in the text. It is also worth contacting essay help https://essayassistant.org/write-my-research-paper/ to better understand how to better highlight your author's position.

The report on physics, chemistry, biology and other natural science disciplines has some distinctive features.

The general structure of such a report may be as follows:

The formulation of the research topic (and it should be not only relevant, but also original, interesting in content).

The relevance of the research (what is interesting about the direction of research, what is its importance, what scientists have worked in this area, what issues in this topic have received insufficient attention, why students have chosen this particular topic).

The purpose of the work (in general terms corresponds to the formulation of the research topic and can clarify it).

Research objectives (specify the purpose of the work, "decomposing" it into its components).

Hypothesis (scientifically grounded assumption about the possible results of research work. Formulated if the work is experimental).

Research methodology (detailed description of all actions related to obtaining results).

Research results. A summary of new information that the researcher received during the observation or experiment. When presenting the results, it is desirable to give a clear and concise interpretation of new facts. It is useful to give the main quantitative indicators and demonstrate them on the charts and diagrams used in the report process.

Conclusions of the study. Inferences formulated in a generalized, concise form. They briefly describe the main results obtained and the trends identified. It is advisable to number the conclusions: usually there are no more than 4 or 5 of them.

Requirements for the preparation of a written report are the same as for writing an abstract.

Title page

Table of contents (it sequentially indicates the names of the paragraphs of the report, indicates the pages from which each paragraph begins).

Introduction (the essence of the problem under study is formulated, the choice of the topic is substantiated, its significance and relevance are determined, the purpose and objectives of the report are indicated, and the characteristics of the literature used are given)

The main part (each section of it demonstratively reveals the issue under study)

Conclusion (summing up or making a generalized conclusion on the topic of the report)

Below we will write down a list of useful tips for you to help you perform better. It is possible that you may have problems understanding them, especially if you are going to give a talk in biology. Therefore, we recommend that you learn more about this https://essayassistant.org/biology-help/.

Here are some tips on how to brilliantly perform in front of an audience.

The duration of the performance usually does not exceed 10-15 minutes. Therefore, when preparing a report, the most important thing is selected from the text of the work.

The report should briefly reflect the main content of all chapters and sections of the research work.

Learn the meaning of all the terms used in the report.

Don't be afraid of the audience - your audience is friendly.

Be ready to speak - master the topic as well as possible.

Maintain a confident look - it affects the audience and teachers.

Pause as often as you see fit.

Take your time and do not draw out words. Your speaking speed should be approximately 120 words per minute.

Think about what questions the audience might ask you and formulate the answers ahead of time.

If you need time to collect your thoughts, the presence of pre-prepared maps, diagrams, diagrams, photographs, etc. will help you buy precious time to formulate an answer, and sometimes will give you a ready answer.

If you follow these rules, you should get an interesting report, which will undoubtedly be highly appreciated by the teacher.