๐ป๐‘– ๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘”๐‘’๐‘™๐‘ , ๐‘ก๐‘œ๐‘‘๐‘Ž๐‘ฆ ๐‘ค๐‘’ ๐‘ค๐‘–๐‘™๐‘™ ๐‘“๐‘–๐‘›๐‘‘ ๐‘œ๐‘ข๐‘ก ๐‘š๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘’ ๐‘Ž๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ข๐‘ก ๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘œ๐‘กโ„Ž๐‘’๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ค๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘‘๐‘’๐‘Ÿ ๐‘œ๐‘“ ๐‘กโ„Ž๐‘’ ๐‘ค๐‘œ๐‘Ÿ๐‘™๐‘‘, ๐‘กโ„Ž๐‘’ ๐ถ๐‘œ๐‘™๐‘œ๐‘ ๐‘ ๐‘’๐‘ข๐‘š.

โœˆ ๐‚๐จ๐ฅ๐จ๐ฌ๐ฌ๐ž๐ฎ๐ฆ

What is it?
The Colosseum (Colosseo), is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, just east of the Roman Forum and is the largest ancient amphitheatre ever built, and is still the largest standing amphitheater in the world today, despite its age.

When and who built it? and what is its story?
Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 72 and was completed in AD 80 under his successor and heir, Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian.The three emperors that were patrons of the work are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named the Flavian Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium; Italian: Anfiteatro Flavio). The Colosseum is built of travertine limestone, tuff (volcanic rock), and brick-faced concrete.The Colosseum could hold an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Roman mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine. Although substantially ruined because of earthquakes and stone-robbers (for spolia), the Colosseum is still an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions.

Curiosities and legends about the Colosseum:
1. A 100-day inauguration party and the end of the gladatorial activity. In 80 AD after the works lasted almost 3 years, the Colosseum was inaugurated with a series of events and shows that followed one another for a hundred days. Furthermore, on the first day of celebration alone, 5000 animals chosen were sacrificed to make the fighting more bloody. The gladiatorial activity, symbol of this ancient arena, ceased only in 404 when a monk named Almacchio lost his life during the protests, which during the Empire of Constantine began to spread in the city.

2. A garden of historical plants. Inside the Colosseum it is possible to find, among its ruins, some species of plants of various origins. Some botanical experts have managed to classify 684 plants, some of which seem to have an exotic origin, thanks to the presence of microclimates inside the amphitheater, but with the passage of time the number of plants present has drastically reduced to 242.
3. In the Fascist period it could have been a hotel. In the Fascist period, many proposed to the Duce to use the large space of the Colosseum to host a luxury hotel. Fortunately, the idea did not get any feedback and the Colosseum remained the sporting symbol of the Roman Empire.
4. Swimming pool and awnings. Thanks to a complex canalization system, the Colosseum was transformed into a huge outdoor pool to host the naumachia shows, or naval battles. This was made possible by the particular position of the monument, on whose site the rainwater and that of the Labicano River converged. On sunny days, however, the velarium opened on the amphitheater, a system of 80 triangular tents that allowed the public to follow the performances even in the hottest hours.
5. It was a part of Hell. At the time of the Gladiators, the Colosseum was known as the seventh door to access Hell, most likely this fame was linked to the fact that many people died during the games. Furthermore, many legends narrate that the Flavian Amphitheater was used as a place for sacrificial rites during which the blood of killed gladiators was used. Even during the Middle Ages, it is said that some brigands used this space to bury their victims and some magicians used to use the herbs collected inside the Colosseum for their potions.

Some of the most beautiful sections of the Colosseum:
- The Underground. All preparations for the shows took place here. The whole system of tunnels, hatches and hoists were initially embraced by a wooden structure which, only with Domitian, was transformed into an impressive masonry work. You can walk through 14 corridors, placed symmetrically to the large central corridor, which lead to the so-called "control rooms".
- Belvedere Terrace. Seats inside the Colosseum were assigned following a strict hierarchical criterion. The best view was the one enjoyed, of course, by the emperor (the imperial stage was located on the minor axis of the amphitheater, right at the southern entrance). Even the Roman senators had nothing to complain about, having the seats closest to the arena available. The higher you climbed, the worse the view. The Level III Belvedere Terrace is located right under the colonnaded portico that crowned the auditorium: here the plebs could be accommodated on wooden seats that were not exactly comfortable. This area can now be visited and offers the opportunity to admire much of the internal structure of the Colosseum.
Within walking distance there are two other very important sites:
- Roman Forum. The old political heart of Rome, first fed by a series of roads that branched off between squares and buildings that have changed their shape several times over time. Today a unique archaeological site in the world.
- Palatine Hill. There aristocratic residences and the most luxurious imperial palaces stood. Strolling pampered by history and art: here it is possible.

In conclusion, the Colosseum is the symbol of the Eternal City, perhaps the best known monument in the world. The Flavian Amphitheater carries, behind its colossal mass, an incredible historical and archaeological treasure which, even today, is able to constantly remind us of the greatness of the Roman Empire and is capable of bringing to mind images and atmospheres of a legendary past.

Photographs of the Colosseum:

italy, rome, and colosseum image rome, travel, and italy image colosseum, italy, and photography image architecture, brown, and gladiator image travel, rome, and italy image travel, rome, and italy image
all this gives me vibes of Roman Holiday, which I really love

๐‘†๐‘’๐‘’ ๐‘ฆ๐‘œ๐‘ข ๐‘ ๐‘œ๐‘œ๐‘› ๐‘ค๐‘–๐‘กโ„Ž ๐‘Ž ๐‘›๐‘’๐‘ค ๐‘ค๐‘œ๐‘›๐‘‘๐‘’๐‘Ÿ ๐‘ก๐‘œ ๐‘‘๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ฃ๐‘’๐‘Ÿ!

These are my previous articles, including the other articles of this series.