Hey guys! So since I made an article about drinks for clear and glowy skin a few days ago (which you should go check out), I wanted to give more information about what is actually on your skin and how to treat specific types of acne, so you guys can target your unique skin condition better. Please keep in mind that I'm not a dermatologist and just did my research and also thank you for the amazing feedback on my last article <3
my last article:
acne, PIMPLES, and selflove image
Otherwise, keep in mind acne is totally normal, around 80% of people have it diagnosed, 40-50 million Americans have it at any given time and it never makes you "less beautiful" or "ugly".

๐๐จ๐ง-๐ข๐ง๐Ÿ๐ฅ๐š๐ฆ๐ฆ๐š๐ญ๐จ๐ซ๐ฒ

๐˜‰๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ค๐˜ฌ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ๐˜ด

  • Blackheads are officially referred to as closed comedones (comedones refer to a pore becoming clogged by sebum and dead skin cells)
  • Blackheads happen due to an overproduction of sebum, which then mixes with surface bacteria of the skin and dead skin cells
  • The sebum then works it way back into the pore where it solidifies and oxidizes because of the small pore opening at the surface of the skin and so it turns into its known black/brown color

๐˜ž๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ๐˜ด

  • Whiteheads are officially referred to as closed comedones
  • Whiteheads happen due to an overproduction of sebum, which then also mixes with surface bacteria of the skin and dead skin cells
  • Whiteheads and Blackheads are also caused by overexposure to the sun
  • The sebum of the whitehead stays inside the pore because it doesn't have a small opening at the skin surface and so it doesn't oxidize or darkens
PIMPLES image

๐ˆ๐ง๐Ÿ๐ฅ๐š๐ฆ๐ฆ๐š๐ญ๐จ๐ซ๐ฒ

๐˜—๐˜ข๐˜ฑ๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ

  • Papules are pimples caused by bacteria living on your skin called Propionibacterium acnes
  • bacteria gets inside the pore and the sebum inside feeds the bacteria
  • it looks like a small, red, swollen spot with usually no pus visible at the surface
  • Papules don't have to have a distinct border
  • here, the pore walls start to break down and begin to get inflamed

๐˜—๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด

  • Pustules are pimples usually caused by hormonal imbalances
  • Immune cells and bacterial cells gather within the pore to form the pus
  • The pore wall begins to break down as well and the pore is filled with pus
  • There's a small amount of white or yellow pus visible, but in comparison to whiteheads they're red and inflamed
acceptance, acne, and PIMPLES image

๐˜•๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ๐˜ถ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ

  • Nodules are hard, swollen, painful lumps that are within deeper skin tissues
  • They're basically a papule and have no clear head or border but are much deeper
  • They definitely can cause hyperpigmentation or scarring afterward
  • Cysts are caused by a severe bacterial infection and forms the most severe case of acne
  • they usually take weeks to months to form out of an "ordinary" pimple
  • a large, very painful, inflamed spot with or without a yellow or white head of pus
  • very likely to scar even without picking it (which you should in general never do)
  • the pus and inflammation go excessively deep into the skin as well
beauty, skin, and pretty image

What can you do?

  • look for anti-inflammatory ingredients like Centella Asiatica, green tea extracts, Allantoin, etc
  • Also make sure your goal is healthy skin, not "clear" skin, I spent a long time trying to get clear skin but totally neglected my overall skin health, so please don't make that mistake <3
  • to maintain healthy skin I prefer to look for NMF (natural moisturizing factors) like ceramides, allantoin, amino acids, etc
  • for acne, in general, it's good to look for oil-balancing ingredients like niacinamide or green tea
  • Good examples for treating White- and Blackheads are with AHAs like Glycolic or Lactic acid, BHAs, retinoids or Niacinamide
  • you can treat papules and pustules with products that for example contain BHA, Benzoyl peroxide, Niacinamide or retinoids
  • Also for hormonal acne you need to take care of your gut to have hormonal balance, if you already have a relatively clean diet you may look after some supplements
Anyways, thank you for reading my article I really appreciate it and make sure you stay safe and healthy during quarantine. Here are my other collections so you can explore some more ;)
For suggestions or any questions dm me and you can follow me for more! <3