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Welcome to the series Greek mythology.

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Greek mythology is the body of myths originally told by the ancient Greeks and a genre of Ancient Greek folklore. These stories concern the origin and the nature of the world, the lives and activities of deities, heroes, and mythological creatures, and the origins and significance of the ancient Greeks' own cult and ritual practices.

โ€œMyth has two main functions,โ€ the poet and scholar Robert Graves wrote in 1955. โ€œThe first is to answer the sort of awkward questions that children ask, such as โ€˜Who made the world? How will it end? Who was the first man? Where do souls go after death?โ€™ The second function of myth is to justify an existing social system and account for traditional rites and customs."

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In ancient Greece, stories about gods and goddesses and heroes and monsters were an important part of everyday life. They explained everything from religious rituals to the weather, and they gave meaning to the world people saw around them.

At the center of Greek mythology is the pantheon of deities who were said to live on Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece. From their perch, they ruled every aspect of human life. Olympian gods and goddesses looked like men and women (though they could change themselves into animals and other things) and wereโ€“as many myths recountedโ€“vulnerable to human foibles and passions.

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Greek mythology does not just tell the stories of gods and goddesses, however. Human heroes, monsters and โ€œhybridsโ€ (human-animal forms) also feature prominently in the tales. Many of these creatures have become almost as well known as the gods and goddesses who share their stories.

In the following collection you will find all the articles I have written about greek mythology:

Thanks for reading โ™ฅ

Citation: Greek Mythology (2009). History.com Editors, A&E Television Networks.