Building Information Modeling (BIM) is modernizing the construction industry from design, visualization, scheduling, and cost to facility management. Today, construction safety management is a global concern. The BIM technique has now been expanded to include automated construction safety management functions such as hazard identification, assessment, and control. AEC professionals can now prevent around 71% of construction site risks by addressing potential threats and security at the design stage. Automation through BIM improves the efficiency of security management, although the progress of Security Information Modeling (SIM) is the main prerequisite.
To automate the construction management process, a more complete BIM - Security Information Modeling (SIM) can power the entire life cycle of the building, from design, construction to facility management. The combined BIM integrated SIM methodology encompasses embedded artifacts with security properties, with compliant security rules, scheduling information, and geographic information. The researchers are investigating the technical requirements for SIM development, supporting the automation of security management through BIM, analyzing real-life case studies, questionnaire surveys and focus groups.

Objectives of the SIM integrated BIM approach
• The technique acts as a robust platform to develop a practical guide for AEC professionals on the types of security management based on the identification of objects, geometric characteristics and security rules.
• The methodology guides software developers to create SIM tools suitable for various scenarios based on precise technical requirements, such as model information exchange, visualization, conflict analysis, risk assessment, and reliability.
Backdrop supporting development
The construction industry has a record of the largest number of installations and accidents worldwide with injuries and deaths of various workers. Causes of death are often due to falling from height and lifting operation. Incidents often lead to significant losses for a project in terms of the cost of the project. Research confirms that AEC professionals can prevent about 42 to 71% of deaths at the site by considering safety in the design and construction stages. In this regard, Integrated BIM SIM helps construction professionals make an informed decision.
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BIM security applications
BIM in the aspect of safety in the construction industry has already been implemented in several countries, such as the USA, Finland and Norway, to produce models of buildings and structures with a lot of data. As innovative technology, BIM is transforming the way of designing, constructing and managing buildings. Using building information modeling improves team collaboration efforts. The construction manager can provide value engineering, sequencing, and building capacity reports.
Additionally, they can initiate 3D coordination between suppliers and subcontractors during the initial design stage. Overall, BIM promotes the collaboration of all projection participants and offers construction site planning, improving communication and eliminating errors. Today, with the 4D programming platform, BIM carries out the design for risk assessment, improving the inefficiencies of paper processes in traditional construction safety management.
Management of construction safety through BIM facilitates:
• Constructibility review
• Shock detection
• 3d modeling
• Prefabrication and Modularization.
• 4D construction simulation
• Design development support
• Logistics of the site prior to construction
Final thoughts
Construction managers are adopting the construction information modeling technique worldwide to improve construction safety management. improved.
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