So, I kind of messed up a little during my oral exam in Italian because I was too nervous, and I might also have messed up a little during the written exam because I procrastinated the actual learning stuff by heart thing during the whole semster by making pretty notes or alternatively just not studying at all, haha (send help).

feeling, feelings, and funny image eleven, meme, and school image

But... you may still partake in what I learned and perhaps the repetition will fortify some of the content in my mind so that a semester worth of learning Italian won't be for nothing.

The first two articles of the series:

today I would like to share some basic vocabulary as it poses the least difficulties concerning the linguistic practicalities of “teaching“ a language without knowing the reader's native language.
I also added the literal translations where possible because I heard of a study which suggested that this helps learners actually get a new language.
So, without further ado, here are some words:

1.) questions

Come ti chiami? What is your name? (literally: how do you call (yourself)?, compare the French comment (est-ce que) tu t'appelles?)
Che cosa studi/ ora è? What are you studying?/ What time is it? (literally: what thing are you studying?/ what time is (no linguistically empty it required)?
Perché studi l'italiano? Why are you learning Italian?
Di dove sei? Where are you from? (literally: from where are you?)
Dove abiti? Where do you live?
Quanti anni hai? How old are you? (literally: how many years do you have?, compare the answer to that question in French j'ai x ans. (I have x years.))
Con chi abiti? With whom do you live? (literally: with who do you live?)
Qual è il suo indirizzo? What is your address? (can also mean which)

college, exam, and highschool image
hey, look, you combined the two

2.) numbers

these might seem like a lot but there are recurring regularities & my teacher told me about a trick to learn them: Whenever you go out choose a range of numbers (for example just 1-10) and then keep counting your steps during that day, always repeating that range of numbers

aw, man, let's pretend I did not just spent decidedly too long a time on making a table with the numbers only to find out it won't copy into WHI :/

looking at all of them in a row is also not great, so here's a link to two tables I found online (but please do look at them!) (for one to twenty) (for the rest)

3.) telling the time

dalle...alle from... to
dall'...all' if followed by a vowel

è l'una it's one (o'clock)
è l'una e mezzo it's half past one (literally: it's one and half)
sono le due it's two (o'clock) (anything that comes after one is in the plural so sono instead of è)
sono le due e dieci it's ten after two (literally: “it's” two and ten)
sono le otto meno vienti it's twenty to eight (literally: “it's” eight minus twenty)
è mezzogiorno/ mezzanotte it's midday/ midnight
sono le undici meno un quarto it's a quarter to aleven

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if you have a clock like this you'd usually say the hours from 1 to 12 and assume that the person you're talking to knows whether you mean in the am or the pm
aesthetic, anime, and header image
if you have a clock like this/ you can't remember the alternative option to tell the time/ you're being less formal, you'd actually say the numbers from 1 to 24.

to illustrate: 21:50 could be said like sono le dieci meno dieci or sono le ventuno e cinquanta

that's all for today folx, if I made any mistake, please let me know and I hope you enjoyed this short snippet of my Italian studies :)

haha, joker, and study image Image removed

also I'd greatly appreciate it if you gave the dark academia club that I'm a member of a look, we're posting new chapters of an ongoing story in a dark academia setting every week + some other cool features are on their way: