Hi, everyone! I'm glad to be writing for the Gazette. Beforehand, I had written a few Study techniques articles, and they received a good response. I will be linking them below. So, this is a sort of part 5 to that 'series'.

Previous Study techniques articles.


This method is extremely simple. It involves taking a blank sheet and writing everything you know about a certain topic you're learning. Once you're done, you can go back to the source material and see what mistakes you made. Especially if you're used to studying in smaller amounts (Studying with flashcards would be a good example of that) and have to generally solve long questions/learn information in large amounts instead of in smaller pieces, then this method will be good for you. It also helps you to see which parts of the information are rightly memorized and which parts require more focus (The parts which you forgot are the ones you need to concentrate on).

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In this method, you have to create a study guide. Write the main points and sub-points from your notes/textbook. i.e. if you're studying a specific topic like 'Photosynthesis' , that would be the main point and the sub-points would be the steps, components of the chemical reaction, factors, etc. It's not important to make it detailed, it can be brief and only a few sentences under the main point. It's important that you make these study guides regularly so that you don't have to do many topics/chapters all at once.

If you keep doing this for every chapter and every subject, you will have an idea of the things important to prepare. These will not be notes, however will be good in order to see what you have to learn when you start a study session, which points are important to be learned, and for quick revision before exams.

After you've mapped a specific chapter or topic out, you should go through your notes, textbook, watch videos etc on that topic/chapter so that all the information can be retained in your mind. In case you have any confusions, you should get them answered by a professor/resource.

After studying from other sources, go back to the guide you made, and expand on each 'main point' with the data you just studied. Write as much as you can. If you forget something or get confused, you can go back to the sources to understand it. When you're finished, go back to your class notes and see if you left anything out or not.

After you're done with making the study guide, you should test and practice what you've learned. Whether it's by the exercise given in your textbook, assigning yourself questions, practicing older tests/exams etc.

Rather than memorizing and reading the same class notes again and again, doing this will help you to learn - by writing notes yourself. Writing something is an effective way to remember information. Learning your own words is easier too.

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This method is comprised of five steps - survey, question, read, recite, and review.

Survey -

Survey basically means to skim through a chapter when you first begin it, so that you can grasp an understanding of how many topics that chapter has, its headings/subheadings, what the chapter mainly focuses on (Does it focus on numericals/math related questions? Conceptual questions? Boxes and tables? Especially when it comes to chapters in biology, physics, chemistry, some are totally focused on solving equations while others have a bunch of theory to learn.) The things you should skim through definitely are the table of contents, the introduction to the chapter (it helps a lot towards understanding what the chapter is about), chapter summary.

Question -

Now think about possible important questions for this chapter. Questions derived from the headings/subheadings which you could look for in the content. Questions about the overrall topic of the chapter (Usually we study advanced versions of the same topics, like Respiration or Human body systems, in which each time as we progress into bigger classes the content becomes more detailed. The basic material, like chemical equations for respiration and functions/organs of given organ system, always remain constant, so you could make important information like that into questions). Questions from the introductions, from the highlighted material etc. If you don't find anything, skim the chapter again.

Read (R1) -
Here is when you will begin reading actively. It's a time to clear any confusions and have a more comprehensive idea of the chapter rather than just a vague gist of the chapter. If you read and there is something you're confused about, watch a video/lecture on it or ask your professor. While you read, take notes alongside it. Read with full attention, not the way you skimmed before, even though this may take up time - especially for some chapters which are longer and denser than the others. If there are only a few important topics, or the chapter mainly consists of information to be practiced/solved, then you can read accordingly.

Recite/wRite (R2) -
This R is for reciting or writing the answers to the questions from the Q section. You can respond to them orally or write them down, whichever way you prefer. This step is just to get an estimate of whether or not you've understood the chapter and material. Try to differentiate the most important and basic topics of the chapter from the information that is only part of those important topics. These aforementioned topics are the ones crucial to learn and understand, while the other information is mainly just part of them or isn't all that important to learn/memorize.

Review (R3) -
Review is to revise all that you read and learned, and review again the points you forgot/were confused about. After this step, you should have a list of all the key points of the chapter and should have made notes on it. This step will ensure that you understand the topic correctly and then can continue with memorizing it and testing yourself. Things that you can do in this step are - re-read the chapter, add more information to the notes you previously made, or can discuss it with your fellow students/teachers. Another thing you could do is explain it to someone else to see how much you know and understand it.

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This is a note-taking method I explained in my first Study techniques article (linked below). You take a fair-sized sheet, and divide it with a line such that the left half is lesser than the right half and there are a few lines at the bottom, sized enough that a paragraph could be written there.

In the left lesser half, you will write questions and keywords ascertaining to the topic.
The right broader half will be given to responses to these questions and paraphrased explanations and definitions to the keywords. Write it in the right half such that they are not very extensive but detailed enough to understand and learn the topic - as detailed as normal notes are.
Finally, the space in the bottom will be given to a summary of the topic.
i.e. if your topic is photosynthesis, you will write 'equation' in the left, the equation of the reaction in the right, 'components' in the left, and the compounds and elements involved in the reaction in the right. 'Factors' in the left, and the factors (light, carbon dioxide, other factors) in the right. At the bottom, you could write a brief summary of the topic photosynthesis, by explaining lightly matter of significance. This note-taking method is every efficient.

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References are from -.

Thank you for reading! I hope this article may be helpful to you. Remember to stay safe. Let's support each other ♡

This article has been written by @gypsophiliet on the We Heart It Gazette.