1. The noun is that word that serves to make people, animals or things known.

2. Nouns are classified into:

Propios y Comunes
Simples y Compuestos
Concretos y abstractos
Colectivos e individuales
Contables y no contables

Nouns can be feminine, masculine, or ambiguous. We will never find neutral nouns.

3. Ambiguous gender nouns are those that can be used in both feminine and masculine.

  • La azúcar
  • El azúcar
  • La esfinge
  • El esfinge

4. On the other hand, we have the nouns aumentativos, diminutivos y despectivos. They modify the original meaning of the noun, depending on its ending.
Aumentativos: Increase the meaning of the noun

  • Hombre
  • Hombrón

Disminutivos: Decrease the meaning of the noun

  • Mujer
  • Mujercita

Despectivos: They express contempt, mockery

  • Gente
  • Gentuza

Not all nouns can be enlarged or decreased.

How to form: aumentativos

1. There is not a fixed rule, it all depends on the idea that we want to convey.
Some of its endings can be: ón, azo, acho, ote with their respective feminine forms.

There are some nouns that can use any of the indicated forms. Others can only use one of them.

2. If the noun ends in a vowel, they lose it.

  • Gigante
  • GigantÓN

If the noun ends in a consonant, it preserves it.

  • Señor
  • SeñoRÓN

If the noun ends with the letter Z, it becomes a G.

  • Nariz
  • NariGÓN

The ending ON is used to give an idea of a positive increase. The AZO ending, to express something deformed or exaggerated. The ACHO and OTE endings to express something monstrous or ridiculous.

The ON termination has some variants, such as: achón, arrón, ejón, erón, atón and etón, with their respective feminine forms.

How to form: diminutivos

1. They are also formed through endings.
Some of these endings are:

ito, cito, ecito, ete, eto, ico, cico, arajo, ejo, and many more.

2. The previous rule is maintained. Nouns ending in a vowel lose it. Nouns ending in a consonant keep it.

3. Nouns ending in CA, CO, change the letter C for a Q

  • Peluca
  • PeluQUIN
  • Flaco
  • FlaQUITO

4. Nouns ending in GA, GO, add a letter U between the G and the other vowel. In this way, the sound of the letter G is maintained.

  • Fuego
  • FueGUITO

5. If the noun ends in GUA or GUO, you must put the diéresis over the letter U.

  • AgÜita
  • AntigÜo

Diéresis: is the two points above the vowel U.

How to form: despectivos

1. The endings used in this case are: aco, icaco, ato, ajo, ejo, ijo, orro, ucho and so many more.

I hope you liked the class. For any questions do not hesitate to contact me by message.

See you next class

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Sophie ☼
Sophie ☼

Saludos y besos, Sophie ☼