From this lesson we will begin to study issues related to grammar.
Everything is going to become a little more doubtful and difficult, but don't give up!

ARTICLE

1. The article is used to specify the reference of a noun, transforming it from unknown to known.

2. There are two types of articles: determinados (determinate) and Indeterminados (indeterminate).

3. Artículos determinados:
Singular
El = masculine
La = female
Lo = neutral
Plural
Los = masculine
Las = female

4. Artículos indeterminados:
Singular
Un = masculine
Una = female
Plural
Unos = masculine
Unas = female

AL y DEL

1. When the prepositions A. or DE are placed before the article EL, the contractions AL and DEL are formed.

Example:
Correct:
Mañana AL amanecer saldré AL campo.
Incorrect:
Mañana A EL amanecer saldré A EL campo.

Correct:
La luz DEL sol
Incorrect:
La luz DE EL sol

2. This does NOT happen when the article EL is part of a proper name, denomination, surname.
Example:

Correct:
Se prendió fuego el edificio DE "El Noticiero".
Incorrect:
Se prendió fuego el edificio DEL "El Noticiero".

Cuando NO usamos el DEL

1. We use DE EL when we have the contraction DEL to avoid the repetition: "DEL DEL".
Example:

Correct:
Un grupo de jóvenes se apodero del Ministerio de Salud, y otros DE EL DEL interior.
Incorrect:
Un grupo de jóvenes se apodero del Ministerio de Salud, y otros DEL DEL interior.

Cambio del artículo LA por EL

1. When we have feminine nouns that start with an accented A. or a silent H followed by the same accented vowel, we do not use LA, we use EL.
Example:

Correct:
EL árbol de mi casa
Incorrect:
LA árbol de mi casa

Correct:
EL hada del bosque
Incorrect:
LA hada del bosque

Excepted from this rule are feminine nouns that begin with a non-accented letter A., or a silent letter H followed by the same non-accented vowel. Also, letter names (LA hache) and proper nouns (LA María).

The change from LA to EL does not happen when we talk about adjectives that begin with the accented letter A.

Sustantivos ambiguos

There are nouns that can be used for both genres. Therefore, with them you can use both LA and EL. Obviously, if we use LA the whole sentence should be feminine. If we use EL the whole sentence must be masculine.
Example:

EL azúcar moreno
LA azúcar morena

EL mar picado
LA mar picada

EL lente rojo
LA lente roja

Nombres geográficos

We do not use articles in front of names of continents, countries, cities. However, we use them in front of these names when they are followed by a specific word:

Incorrect:
LA Francia
Correct:
LA Francia del Siglo XX

Incorrect:
LA Argentina
Correct:
LA Argentina del Renacimiento

We do use these articles before the names of mountain ranges, mountains, hills, volcanoes, seas, lakes, etc.
Example:

EL Aconcagua
EL mar mediterráneo

It is completely improper to use these items before a person's own name.
Example:

Incorrect:
LA Sofía
Correct:
Sofía

Artículo neutro LO

1. As we saw at the beginning, LO is a singular neutral article. Linked to an adjective, it forms with it a gender-neutral expression, example:

Atendemos a LO útil
Atendemos a LA utilidad

2. On some occasions, LO is attached to a noun, to which it gives the character of a neutral.
Example:

Camina a LO reina

3. This article can be used with adjectives of any gender and number. Example:

LO valiente que es
LO valiente que son

No confundir

In order not to confuse the pronouns with the articles, remember that the article can only be used with names, and always in front of them.

UNA

1. The article UNA loses its letter A in the same cases where LA becomes EL.
Example:

UN alma
UN águila

2. Do not confuse an indeterminate article such as UN, or UNA with numerical adjectives (un, una) that denote quantity.

I hope you liked the class. For any questions do not hesitate to contact me by message.

See you next class

Stay Safe

Sophie ☼
Sophie ☼
@SophieQueenn  

Saludos y besos, Sophie ☼