人(にん/ nin) > People

一人 (ほとり/ hitori) > one person

二人 (ふたり/ futari) > two people

三人 (さんにん/ sannin) > three people

四人 (よんにん/ yonnin) > four people

五人 (ごにん/ gonin) > five people

冊 (さつ/ satsu) > Bound Objects

一冊 (いっさつ/ issatsu) > one bound object

二冊(にさつ/ nisatsu) > two bound objects

三冊(さんさつ/ sansatsu) > three bound obj.

四冊(よんさつ/ yonsatsu) > four bound obj.

五冊(ごさつ/gosatsu) > five bound obj.

台 (だい/ dai) > Mechanical Items

一台(いちだい/ ichidai) >one mechanical obj.

二台(にだい/nidai)> two mechanical obj.

三台(さんだい/sandai)> three mechanical obj

四台(よんだい/yondai)> four mechanical obj.

五台(ごだい/godai)> five mechanical obj.

杯 (はい/ hai) > Liquid in glasses, cups, or bowls

一杯(いっぱい/ippai)> one cup/glass/bowl of

二杯(にはい/nihai) > two cups/glasses/bowls

三杯(さんはい/sanhai)> 3 cups/glasses/bowls

枚 (まい/ mai) > Thin Flat Objects -

一枚(いちまい/ichimai)> one piece of paper

二枚(にまい/nimai)> two pieces paper

三枚(さんまい/sanmai)>three pieces of paper

四枚(よんまい/yonmai)>four pieces of paper

五枚(ごまい/gomai)>five pieces of paper

本 (ほん/ hon) > Long Cylindrical Items

一本(いっぽん/ippon)> one pencil**

二本(にっぽん/nippon)>two pencils

三本(さんぼん/sanbon)>three pencils

四本(よんほん/yonhon)>four pencils

五本(ごほん/gohon)> five pencils

匹 (ひき/ hiki) > Animals

一匹 (いっぴき/ippiki) >one animal

二匹 (にひき/nihiki) > two animals

三匹 (さんびき/sanbiki) > three animals

四匹 (よんひき/yonhiki) > four animals

五匹 (ごひき/gohiki) > five animals

**pencil was used here just as an example of a long cylindrical object.

~In most situations the Chinese origin numbers are used for the counters listed above, but note the words for 1 person and 2 people employ the native Japanese numbers.

Here are the native Japanese Numbers:

一つ > ひとつ > hitotsu > one

二つ > ふたつ > futastu > two

三つ > みっつ > mittsu > three

四つ > よっつ > yottsu > four

五つ > いつつ > itsutsu > five

六つ > むっつ > muttsu > six

七つ > ななつ > nanatsu > seven

八つ > やっつ > yattsu > eight

九つ > ここのつ > kokonotsu > nine

十 > とお > too > ten

**Native numbers are used for things like round objects, furniture, mountains, starts, and other very abstract ideas