In the realm of a world, there are many questions regarding various things such as, is water wet? What defines Human consciousness? Is the world round? What is reality and how does it work? Simple questions they seem, but they have contradictory answers that aren’t always straightforward.

There’s a constant conundrum of questions circling the thoughts of humans. Some of these questions have simple answers, some can only be solved by scientific and mathematical equations, some can’t be solved at all and are left unanswered.

Science can defy logic and cause a paradox; when you turn on the faucet to wash your hands, the water is wet, logically speaking. In, 1997, a group of students at the University of Berkeley, California, managed an experiment driven by Richard Saykally to prove whether water was wet or not. In this experiment, the team came to the conclusion that water doesn’t function like a liquid form until at least six molecules become assembled into a group. Logically speaking, we believe water is constantly wet, but scientifically, water is not a liquid form until enough molecules form together. What a contradiction.

There’s this saying that is tossed around loosely, “think outside of the box.” Thinking outside the box is a metaphor but what is yet to be explained is the determination of this box. Where are the boundaries of this box? What differentiates what’s inside the box and outside the box? How big is the outside of this box? Where did this supposed box, with four walls, come from? The answer to this, well, it is open-ended. This goes along with the question of what is defined as real? Think about it, surely not everything can be determined and figured out; after all, there is only a meagre portion that we can perceive of reality. The problem is that the quantum theory is a paradox when it comes to our intuitive understanding of what “real” means because it clashes with logic, as does many other things.

Of course, the mystery to the box we are meant to think outside of, has an answer— to an extent. The phrase is related to a traditional topographical puzzle named the nine dots puzzle. This puzzle, with nine dots, is arranged in a square matrix and is meant to assist with 'thinking outside of the box' because the purpose of the challenge is to draw four straight lines which go through the middle of all the dots without taking the pencil off the paper. The challenge appears simple but it isn't, there is a specific method for completing the challenge. With this puzzle, people tend to make the mistake of striving to join up the dots as if the dots are established on the outline of an illusory square. There is an assumption, due to our logic, that there is a barrier between these dots, it's a constriction our mind is implying. One way to resolve the quandary is through three contiguous segments— zigzag through the dots because there is NO limitation on the piece of paper— the boundary is a figment of our concepts.

Not everything has an answer though, some things can be concluded to have come from theoretical calculations but sometimes, as humans, we cannot and plausibly will never contrive to have a complete understanding and knowledge to things. There are circumstances explained and unexplained.

Inevitably speaking, we have access to only a particular amount of knowledge. There is a barrier of information that is currently being uncovered and transformed into portions of information that will one day be understood.

When it comes to the universe, there is only so much information that is available and although the universe can be considered to be infinite, the information we can obtain from it and about it is not.

The Universe is composed of numerous elements that have restrictions to them when it comes to our physical awareness. We cannot physically see these restraints but scientists continue to spend time expanding on the limitations and thinking outside the boundaries they’re presented with.

Galaxies, planets, stars, atoms, molecules, all of them have a finite amount of data obtainable even though they can be observed and measured. Considering they can be observed and measured, you would naturally assume everything about them could be attainable, but this isn't the case. These galaxies and everything else around them, atoms, molecules, etcetera, have limitations to them; there is a cumulative quantity of particles and a total measure of energy that is accessible within the Universe. What this means is that there’s a limited mass of information when it comes to what we can learn about the universe until we can find ways to overcome to barriers that are existing— barriers that cannot be physically seen or touched— which brings me back to this box previously mentioned.

Let’s put this into perspective, picture a two dimensional box, anything inside the box is the power of knowledge and what you know, anything outside of this box is infinite space gathered of all the things you do not yet know- which extends to thinking outside the box, if you look at the area outside of the box it opens up an infinite amount of new understandings.

What’s this box made of?

Well, the logical answer is that everything is made of waves and particles, but this box we are picturing is cognitive—we are the box and the consciousness evolving around it and in it. Quantum physics confirms that our consciousness is what creates our reality. Our reality isn’t conformed just to the lining of a box, so when someone says to think outside the box, what they mean is to think about more than what you can think, see and define.

Even when you think you know it all, there’s always something more; knowledge is powerful and what’s more powerful is the fact that one will never have too much knowledge, there will always be something new. Knowledge is infinite just like the sequence of natural numbers never ends; the only times a sequence of numbers ends is when we decide it ends— it is a proven fact.