Preface: Good day, dear readers. In this article I want to share with you the most beautiful (in my opinion) cities, a little bit about their history, as well as culture and attractions.

Let's go...

1. For me in the first place in my collection, I want to see my favorite city, which is also the capital of Spain, is Madrid. Why Madrid? You may ask, after Reading a little further down you will understand how rich that is with beautiful places and views.

One of the main cultural attractions in Madrid-the Museum of the Pleiades, founded by Maria Isabella Braganza, the second wife of Fernando VII. In 1819, the Museum was located in a modern building as the royal Museum. The Museum building was commissioned by king Carlos III in 1785 by the architect Juan de Villanueva. Two of the other main museums of Madrid-the Reina Sofia Museum and the Thyssen — Bornemisza Museum-along with the Prado Museum are the so-called "Golden triangle of art". In the first paintings collected contemporary art. In particular, the Museum of the Queen Sofia is the famous painting of Pablo Picasso's "Guernica", as well as the works of Salvador Dalí and Joan miró. The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum houses paintings of different eras, from the Renaissance to the works of the Impressionists and Surrealists and Cubists. Also of interest is the collection of the royal Academy of fine arts of San Fernando, which has 1300 paintings, including works by velázquez, Rubens and Goya.

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Сentro de la ciudad
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The Prado museum
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Reina Sofia museum
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Museo Thyssen-Bornemisy
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The real Spanish "Versailles", one of the royal palaces most beautiful in Europe, built in the SEVENTEENTH century. On the west side of the resort are the magnificent gardens of the campo del Moro. During the reign of the dictator Franco, the Palace was nationalized, so that the royal family no longer lives here, but that only organizes official receptions. In the rest of the time, the building is open to tourists.
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One of the main squares of the Spanish capital is the Square of sibeles. Here you will find the monumental fountain of the EIGHTEENTH century and the Palace building of the early TWENTIETH century. Since 2007, the building is located in the residence of the mayor of the city. In the last few centuries, the citizens took to drinking water from the source, and the building of the Palace throughout the TWENTIETH century served as the main post office. Today, the Square sibeles is a popular place among tourists and residents of Madrid.
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One of the main highways of the capital, as well as the main "pedestrian street" for local residents. At night, especially during the weekend, hundreds of citizens come here to the famous Spanish "marchu" - a long walk from the Bar to the Bar (these institutions in the gran Via in excess), during which time they can hang out, meet friends, drink a Cup of wine and pour it into a jolly crowd of others who celebrate it.

2.The second city, which is also the capital, only France, is Paris. It is rich in various attractions.

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The appearance of the modern city was defined in the mid-19th century following a major restructuring. Several centuries ago, it was a labyrinth of narrow streets and wooden houses. In 1852, according to the town's improvement plan, designed by Baron Osman, entire districts of dilapidated buildings were destroyed, and in their place there were wide avenues and built in a single line of stone buildings of neoclassical style, so characteristic of the new bourgeois era. The principles of the agenda of the times of Napoleon III and now has not lost its relevance: the height and size of buildings are subject to a uniform Law of uniformity, since the middle of the nineteenth century it has been made only a few exceptions to the rule. Thanks to this, Paris remains "flat".
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In Paris, there are many attractions, including not only the architectural buildings, but also the streets, bridges and squares. The city has 1,800 historic sites and 130 museums, 14 of which are owned by the city, with free admission. One of the most famous attractions, the Eiffel Tower metal cut, built on the project of the engineer Eiffel. The tower was designed as a temporary building, serving as an entrance to the World Exhibition of 1889. But it not only survived the event itself, but also became a true symbol of the city. To the North, above the horizon stands the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, built on top of the hill of Montmartre, and to the south, the solitary Tower of Montparnasse, in particular stands out from the" flat"area.
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Musée du Louvre (FR. the Louvre Museum, often used simply the name of the Louvre) - one of the largest and most popular art museum in the world[1] (9,260,000 visitors in 2014, the third in the world in the occupied area: 160,106 square meters, of which 58,470 are located exhibitions). The museum is located in the center of Paris, on the right bank of the Seine, in the Rue Rivoli, in the 1st arrondissement of the capital. The museum building is a former Royal palace (Palais du Louvre). The equestrian statue of Louis XIV represents the starting point of the so-called historical axis of Paris. The Louvre is one of the oldest museums with a rich history of the collection of artistic and historical relics of France, from the time of the dynasty of the Capetians to today.

3. In the third place in my collection will be a great city and also the capital of Uk, is London

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Central London has a complex system of planning, consisting of radial-ring and rectangular streets. The status of the city — a city endowed with areas of Westminster and the city. Westminster, formed as a state residence in the 11th century, remains the seat of the Royal residence, the Parliament and the government of the country. The city of 2.7 km2 remained (within the walls built by the Romans) a proper city during Antiquity and the middle Ages — a place of trade and crafts. At the beginning of the XVII century the aristocracy left the city, in the XX century the place of homes and shops were occupied by banks and offices, which turned the city into a purely business district. The once aristocratic suburb West of Westminster marked the beginning of the historical part of London called the West End. Workers ' settlements around the docks and factories of the XIX century formed the East End area to the East of the city.
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Passing through St. James Park, street Mall reaches the square in front of Buckingham Palace, in the middle of which stands the monument to Queen Victoria. Buckingham Palace was founded on the site of the house of the Duke of Buckingham, from which he was bought by the English king. The original appearance of the Palace was changed over time, the main facade of the Palace was created in 1913.

It is believed that the bell was named big Ben (Big Ben) in honor of sir Benjamin Hall, curator of construction works[3]. According to another version, it is named after Benjamin count (eng.)., the popular boxer in heavy weight[4].

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The official name until September 2012 was "the Clock tower of the Palace of Westminster", in the press it is often called the Tower of St. Stephen. By decision of the British Parliament renamed the tower of Elizabeth, in honor of the 60th anniversary of the reign of Queen Elizabeth II.

4. На четвёртом месте вторая столица России, это Санкт-Петербург.
Translation: In fourth place is the second capital of Russia, St Petersburg.

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В 1844 году императором Николаем I был издан указ о запрещении строить гражданские здания в городе выше карниза Зимнего дворца. Со второй половины XVIII века преобладающим в архитектуре города стал классицизм. Основные архитекторы этого стиля: В. И. Баженов (Михайловский замок), Ж.-Б.Валлен-Деламот (здание Академии художеств, Большой гостиный двор), А.Ринальди (Мраморный дворец), И. Е. Старов (Таврический дворец, Троицкий собор Александро-Невской лавры), Дж. Кваренги (здание Смольного института, Александровский дворец в Царском Селе), Ч.Камерон (Павловский дворец); и более поздней (с начала XIX века) его разновидности, стиля русского ампира: А. Н. Воронихин (Казанский собор), А. Д. Захаров (Главное адмиралтейство), Ж. Тома де Томон (Стрелка Васильевского острова), К. И. Росси (Михайловский дворец, здание Главного штаба, Александринский театр, здание Сената и Синода), В. П. Стасов (Спасо-Преображенский собор, Троице-Измайловский собор), О. Монферран (Исаакиевский собор). В середине XIX века в архитектуре стала преобладать эклектика: А. И. Штакеншнейдер (Мариинский дворец, дворец Белосельских-Белозерских), А. П. Брюллов (Лютеранская церковь Святых Петра и Павла), К. А. Тон (здание Московского вокзала), А. А. Парланд (храм Спаса на Крови). С середины века начинается сооружение новых набережных и мостов, идёт большое строительство доходных домов. Именно в этот период формируются Литейный, Владимирский и Загородный проспекты. Translation: in 1844, Emperor Nicholas I issued a decree banning the construction of civil buildings in the city above the cornice of the Winter Palace. From the second half of the XVIII century classicism became prevailing in the architecture of the city. The main architects of this style: V. I. Bazhenov (Mikhailovsky castle), Zh. - B. Wallen-Delamot (the building of the Academy of arts, the Great Gostiny Dvor), A. Rinaldi (Marble Palace), I. E. Starov (Tauride Palace, Trinity Cathedral of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra), j. Quarenghi (Smolny Institute building, Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo), CH. Cameron (Pavlovsk Palace); and later (early XIX century) in all its varieties, of the Russian Empire style: A. N. Voronikhin (Kazan Cathedral), A. D. Zakharov (Admiralty building), Jean Thomas de Thomon (spit of Vasilievsky island), Carlo Rossi (the Mikhailovsky Palace, General staff building, the Alexandrine theatre, Senate and Synod), V. P. Stasov (Transfiguration Cathedral, Trinity Cathedral), Auguste Montferrand (Saint Isaac's Cathedral). In the middle of the XIX century eclecticism began to prevail in architecture: A. I. Shtakenshneider( Mariinsky Palace, Beloselsky-Belozersky Palace), A. P. Brullov (Lutheran Church of St. Peter and Paul), ka Ton (Moscow railway station), AA Parland (Church of the Savior on Blood). From the middle of the century the construction of new embankments and bridges begins, there is a large construction of apartment houses. It was during this period that Liteiny, Vladimirsky and Zagorodny avenues were formed.
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Госуда́рственный Эрмита́ж (до 1917 года — Императорский Эрмитаж) — музей изобразительного и декоративно-прикладного искусства, расположенный в комплексе Зимнего дворца в центре Санкт-Петербурга. Один из крупнейших и наиболее значительных художественных и культурно-исторических музеев мира. Translation: the state Hermitage Museum (until 1917 — the Imperial Hermitage) is a Museum of fine and decorative arts, located in the complex of the Winter Palace in the center of St. Petersburg. One of the largest and most significant art, cultural and historical museums in the world.

5. And the last place, another capital, the capital of Sweden, is Stockholm.

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The oldest area in the city is called gamla stan (Old Town) and is located on a small island in the heart of the city. here you will find the places from which the construction of stockholm began. there are quite well-known buildings, such as the German Church, as well as various mansions and palaces: the house of Elders, the bunde mansion, the tessin Mansion and the oxensher Palace. the oldest building in the city is the Church of riddarholm, built in the xiii century. fire in 1697 that destroyed the most important medieval castle in the town of three-krunur, and stockholm royal palace was built in baroque style. Stockholm cathedral was the center of the Diocese of Stockholm together with the former castle. despite the fact that the cathedral was founded in the XIII century, five centuries later it was built radically and is not considered an ancient structure. it is also decorated in Baroque style.
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The spire of the Church of St. clara, the highest in stockholm the oldest area in the city is called gamla stan (Old Town) and is located on a small island in the heart of the city. here you will find the places from which the construction of stockholm began. there are quite well-known buildings, such as the German Church, as well as various mansions and palaces: the house of Elders, the bunde mansion, the tessin Mansion and the oxensher Palace. the oldest building in the city is the Church of riddarholm, built in the xiii century. fire in 1697 that destroyed the most important medieval castle in the town of three-krunur, and stockholm royal palace was built in baroque style. Stockholm cathedral was the center of the Diocese of Stockholm together with the former castle. despite the fact that the cathedral was founded in the XIII century, five centuries later it was built radically and is not considered an ancient structure. it is also decorated in Baroque style. active expansion of the city began in the xv century. then stockholm went beyond the current old city. now there are only a few buildings from the pre-industrial era in södermalm. during the industrialization of the country, the capital of Sweden grew quite quickly, architectural plans for Urban Development were borrowed from large European cities: berlin and Vienna. at this time, the city has many buildings that can be seen to this day. the Royal Opera was founded and buildings for wealthy people in strandvegen were developed. the beginning of the xx century was marked by an increase in patriotic feelings, including in Architecture. in search of national identity, the architects reproduced parts of Swedish buildings from the Middle Ages to theoub. the most notable building in the city center was the stockholm city hall built 1911-1923 by architect ragnar estbergs projects. ragnar ostberg). it still meets the city government, it is also a tourist place, where daily excursions are held. the town hall hosts a banquet ininer of the boating prize, which takes place in the concert hall (Sweden. the concert hall). in the same year, one of the highest dominants of the city was built: the engelbrekt Church.

At this I finish the story about the cities of the world, I hope you like my collection, if so, you know what to do, and I hope you know in my collection of myself, I love you all, every heart is yours for me. Love you xoxo