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As some of you might know already, one of my main interests is history, and then especially the mythology part of it. So, today I've decided to make an article surrounding my favorite Greek myths. I hope you'll like it!

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Greek mythology is the body of myths and teachings that belong to the ancient Greeks, concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. It was a part of the religion in ancient Greece.

1 | medusa

Her story began when Poseidon, god of the sea, fell in love with her. She was a mortal, and not to forget a very beautiful one. One day, Poseidon decided to take Medusa with him to Athena's Parthenon (the most famous ancient sightseeing of Greece right now) but this enraged Athena, goddess of wisdom.

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Athena couldn't punish Poseidon, so instead she turned her anger against Medusa. She transformed the mortal into a monster with snakes for hair, huge teeth and a hideous tongue. Medusa became so repulsive that whoever looked at her turned into stone.

She was eventually beheaded by Perseus, son of Zeus, under the orders of Athena.

2 | artemis

She's the goddess of hunting and wild nature. She embodied the innocent, free and independent woman who lived in nature. It was said she was related to the moon, just as her brother Apollo, god of music and poetry, was associated with the sun.

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According to one version, Artemis protected young girls who stayed with her in the mountains. She punished those who violated them and showed lack of respect. When she tried to kill the Nymph Callisto with her arrows, she failed, so she transformed her into a bear instead. This figure became the constellation Great Bear or Ursa Major later on.

3 | persephone

Persephone is the queen of the underworld. She's the daughter of Zeus, god of the sky and lightning, and Demeter, goddess of agriculture and harvest. It is said Persephone was abducted by Hades, god of death and darkness, while gathering flowers alongside Athena and Artemis. He bursted through a cleft in the earth, and dissapeared with her.

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When Persephone's mother Demeter found out that her daughter was gone, she searched for her over the earth. In the depth of her despair, she forbids the earth to produce and causes nothing to grow.

Finally, Zeus, pressed by the cries of the hungry people, forced Hades to return Persephone. Hades who was still crazy in love with the beautiful Persephone, complied with the request but not before giving her some pomegranate seeds to eat.

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Persephone was released by Hermes, the messenger of the gods and also the god of trade and travelers. But, because she had tasted food in the underworld, she was obliged to spend a third of each year (the winter months) there, and the remaining part of the year with the gods above. Some say Persephone willingly ate the pomegranate to be able to see Hades again.

4 | icarus

He's the son of the craftsman Daedalus, the creator of the Labyrinth. Icarus and his father attempt to escape from Crete by means of wings that his father constructed from feathers and wax.

Icarus' father warns him first of complacency and then of hubris, asking that he fly neither too low nor too high, so the sea's dampness would not clog his wings or the sun's heat melt them.

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Icarus ignored his father's instructions not to fly too close to the sun. When the wax in his wings melted, he tumbled out of the sky and fell into the sea where he drowned, sparking the idiom don't fly too close to the sun.

♥ | the end

These were four of my favorite greek myths (among many others of course) shortly written down and explained. You can always let me know what you thought of my article while reading it, because I'd love to get some feedback.

Thank you for reading! Love, Paulien.

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