The mango is the fruit of the mango tree (Mangifera indica L.), a fruit tree of the Anacardiaceae family, native to South and Southeast Asia from East India to the Philippines, and successfully introduced in Brazil, Angola, Mozambique and other tropical countries. The name of the fruit comes from the word of the Malayan language manga and was popularized in Europe by the Portuguese, who knew the fruit in Kerala (which they managed by the exchange of seasonings).

Mango is the national fruit of India, where there are more than 100 varieties, Philippines and Pakistan. Mentions are found of it in 4th-century songs in poems written in Sanskrit by poets like Kalidasa. It is believed to have been proved by Alexander the Great (3rd century BC) and the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang (7th century AD). Later, in the 16th century, the Mughal emperor Akbar planted 100,000 mango trees in Darbhanga, Bihar in a place now known as Lakhi Bagh.