Venus 😍

As we all know, Venus is the second planet from the Sun orbiting it every 224.7 Earth days. It is sometimes called Earth's "sister planet" because of their similar size, mass, proximity to the Sun, and bulk composition. Venus is by far the hottest planet in the Solar System, with a mean surface temperature of 735K (462°C; 863F), even though Mercury is closer to the Sun. Venus is shrouded by an opaque layer of highly reflective clouds of sulfuric acid, preventing its surface from being seen from space in visible light. It may have had water oceans in the past, but these would have vaporized as the temperature rose due to a runaway greenhouse effect (It is a process in which a net positive feedback between surface temperature and atmospheric opacity increases the strength of the greenhouse effect on a planet until its oceans boil away). It has the longest rotation period (243 days) of any planet in the Solar System and rotates in the opposite direction to most other planets (meaning the Sun would rise in the West and set in East).

Venus is the second brightest natural object in the night sky after the Moon, reaching an apparent magnitude of -4.6- bright enough to cast shadows at night and, rarely, visible to the eye in broad daylight.

Venus image

Venus is named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty. It has been made sacred to gods of many cultures, and has been a prime inspiration for writers and poets as the morning star and evening star. Venus was the first planet to have its motions plotted across the sky, as early as the second millennium BC. It was the first planet beyond Earth visited by a spacecraft (Mariner 2 in 1962), and the first to be successfully landed on (by Venera 7 in 1970).

Venus in culture

Venus is a primary feature of the night sky and so has been of remarkable importance in mythology, astrology and fiction throughout history and in different cultures. Classical poets such as Homer, Sappho, Ovid and Virgil spoke of the star and its light. Romantic poets such as William Blake, Robert Frost, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and William Wordsworth wrote odes to it. With the invention of telescope, the idea that Venus was a physical world and possible destination began to take form.

Venus, planet, and space image

Venus symbol

The astronomical symbol for Venus is the same as that used in biology for the female sex: a circle with a small cross beneath. The Venus symbol also represents femininity, and in Western alchemy stood for the metal copper. Polished copper has been used for mirrors from antiquity, and the symbol for Venus has sometimes been understood to stand for the mirror of the goddess

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I admit that Venus is a hothouse but look at this gorgeousness 😍😍

Fun Facts About Venus

  • On Venus it snows metal and rains sulphuric acid.
  • If there was water on Venus it would soak up in less than 2 minutes.
  • Venus does not have any moons or rings.
  • At one point it was thought Venus might be a tropical paradise.
  • Astronomers know of more than 1600 volcanoes on its surface, but there are likely many more too small for us to see.
  • Venus is more among the planets in that we can see it cross in front of the Sun.
  • Venus winds are blowhards (450 miles an hour).

Thank you for reading my first article, hope you enjoyed.❤