Depression is a medical illness which affects the brain then affects the whole body. Depression can affect children, teenagers, young adults, middle-aged adults, and older people. 20% of adults suffer from depression at some point in their life.

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People use the word depression in different ways. We all feel down or sad from time to time. But it's important to know when depression is becoming a problem. It's also important to know the difference between depression and sadness.
Sadness is a feeling that is a reaction to something. like a friendship breakup or losing someone. depression becomes an illness or a problem when the feelings of sadness last for a lot longer than normal and seem to cast a dark cloud over their life. it stops someone from enjoying most things and from taking part in activities that used to be enjoyable and easy to do.

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Major Depression

Major depression is the depressive illness people are most familiar with. Major depression usually happens in episodes. A depressive episode tends to build up slowly over a couple weeks or more.

Symptoms of Major Depression

  • Longstanding feelings of unhappiness, moodiness, and irritability, emptiness, numbness
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  • Losing interest and pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed
  • Loss of appetite and weight
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  • Difficulty sleeping, Insomnia or hypersomnia (over-sleeping) or sometimes staying in bed most of the day.
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  • Tiredness, lack of energy and motivation or feeling worried or tense
  • Difficulty concentrating and/or making decisions
  • Feeling bad, worthless or guilty and generally being self-critical and self-blaming
  • Negative or "down on yourself" thoughts. preoccupation with dark and gloomy
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  • recurring thoughts of death or suicide


Dysthymia is often described as a calmer version of major depression but often goes on for longer, sometimes many months. People with dysthymia can often complete day to day tasks, but may do so with less interest, while feeling down, and with less confidence and enjoyment. Dysthymia also affects a persons sleeping and eating as well as energy levels and concentration. Compared to major depression, dysthymia has fewer physical symptoms but can have more emotional symptoms such as gloomy and dark thoughts. Dysthymia, like major depression, still requires treatment

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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder (or manic-depression as it used to be called), is when someone experiences periods of depression and periods of mania (periods of great excitement, an excessive enthusiasm or desire) Mania can be present as being "over the top" in happiness or anger. A person experiencing mania can be very talkative and excited, so much so you may not understand them. they can have lots of energy, not want to sleep and come up with lots of ideas.
The person is usually not aware of their symptoms.

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Bipolar I: Someone has a period of depression for a few days or weeks then a period of mania or viceversa

Bipolar II: Someone becomes depressed and then quickly changes from that low mood to a "high" and then back again multiple times in a short space of time (day or week)

Untreated depression can increase the risk of possible suicide. it is not uncommon for depressed individuals to have thoughts about suicide whether or not they intend to act on these thoughts. Severly depressed people often do not have the energy to harm themselves, but when their depression lifts and they gain increased energy they may be more likely to attempt suicide.

Up to 15% of those who are clinically depressed die by suicide

Planning on Going To The Doctor

If you believe you're experiencing symptoms of depression, or that your current treatment is not symptoms, you should go see your doctor.

A doctor may recommend one or more of these types of treatments:

  • Anti-depressant drugs - These drugs are effective for about two-thirds of people who have moderate to severe depression. They are not addictive and their effects are usually felt for two or three weeks. Patients have to commit to taking them. it may take up to six weeks before the benefits kick in
  • Psychological Therapy - This type of therapy can take many forms, ranging from single sessions talking to a doctor to long-term courses of counseling with a psychotherapist.
  • Diet and exercise - diet and exercise can have a surprisingly positive effect on your mental health. For example, having sufficient levels of vitamin B and folic acid in your diet can be helpful. it is also well-known that exercise improves self-esteem and stress levels.
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Thank you for reading this article if you had made it down to here. In my 14 years of living I have met so many people who go through this every single day. I have decided to research the topic to get a better understanding and share the knowledge I have obtained from the internet onto we heart it. My next article will be about how to help someone who is going through depression and reaching out to you So if you want to read that be sure to follow! Remember, Stay Postive ♡