In order for as to be able to anlayse the language within a given text, we must first understand the what words and meanings actually are.

Words in its most formal structure can also be known as lexis.
If lexis are words then what do we mean my 'meaning'?
Meaning in A-level English language and literature refers to the Semantics.

General review :
Semantics : Meanings of the words or phrase. Lexis: These are the words

It is important to remeber that lexis and semantics can change overtime.
This often happens because of factors such as education, increased cultural diversity, technological advancements and of course social trends.

Examples of key terminologies that have derived by a result of some of these factors;

-Borrowing: Words are taken from other countries e.g. 'Arson' is french.
-Coininings: Inventing new words to describe new experiences or name new objects.
-Acronyms: Words that are formed by using the initial letters e.g. BBC
-Compounding: This technique utilises 2 already exisiting words and then joins them together to form a new one i.e 'Space-ship'
-Morphology: Similiary to compunds, one of the words are non-existent by themselve e.g.; 'DIS-appoint'
-Blending: This is used to conjoin parts of words.
- Depletion: This occurs when words go out of style and are gradually forgotten over time e.g. 'on fleek' or ' The Barney'

In English understanding and attempting to interpret the words is not easy if you do not understand the context that it is set.
Some lexical choices are ambigious, and more often or not these words can become humorous.

KEY TERM to rememeber :
POLYSEMIC. These are words that contain more than one meaning

In my next article I will continue to review how the level of formality in a text can be useful when analysing language.

For now, thank you for studying with me.