Hello, Heart!
Sorry for the long absence but I had an exam but now it's all over and I can write again.
Nowadays, we often hear about feminism which is often (or always!) misunderstood. Many people, in fact, think it's referred to women's superiority over men. Many say "it's the female version of machismo".

Feminism and machismo aren't the same and now we try to understand why.

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The word machismo comes from the Spanish and Portuguese word 'macho' which means 'male' and it referres to the belief that men are superior than women. This belief comes from History. In the past, in fact, women were considered inferior because of their natural lack of physical strenght.
So, now let's take a look at what the women's idea was in the past. Don't worry, I don't wanna take a history lesson.

The idea of a housewife woman comes from Prehistory when men hunted because stronger and women took care of their children.

Women have an elevate position but then, with military monarchies, they were forced to not go out and see only their own husbands. Some of them became also pharahons but just because the heir to the throne was a child and they were widows.

In Greece, there were some differences between Athens and Sparta.
In Athens, women were considered slaves and they were educated by their mother in law. They couldn't attend to any public manifestation or play sport. During the Olympic Games, they couldn't get close to the sanctuaries otherwise they were killed because of the belief that this would have brought enormous misfortunes to the female gender.
In Sparta, women couldn't fight or rule but thet could play sports like dance, race ect.
Aristotele said women were inferior because their brain was small.
Plato, instead, said women could rule and have the same political rights of men if they studied philosophy and so women's situation improved.

In Rome, women had the same rights of men but with some limits.
They were submissive to their father and then to their husband but, during the Imperial age, they could get the divorce but just if they belonged to an elevate class.
However, they didn't have civil rights and had some other legal limits that men justified saying women were ignorant in law, naturally inferior and sexually weak.
Their condition improved in the Augustian age when the Roman expansion caused many wars and male deaths. So women started to manage the heritage and other jobs.
An example of the change in the women's situation is the Empress Irene of Athens in the Eastern Roman Empire.

The women's situation got worse because they were submitted to men.

Women had almost the same men's rights. They fought with men and took their places in the industries but with a low salary. They couldn't vote or being voted. They didn't have political rights. But they didn't get down. They asked the assembly to join the army for defending the country but the assembly refused. However, many women succeed to leave and fight.

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The symbol picture of the French Revolution.

Mary Wollstonecraft and her husband William Godwin fought for equality and she started the feminist movement.

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Mary Wollstonecraft. She and William Godwin were Mary Shelley's parents.

Even if the sovreign was a woman, the women's condition got even worse also because the idea of "angel woman" who had to take care of house and children. Their body was seen as a hoy temple. They couldn't wear make-up or jewels and their only works could be as teacher or housekeeper.

Today, the condition of women is improved but not entirely. The violence agaist women is still widespread and many countries are still fighting for reducing the gap between sexes.

After the brief analyze of the female condition over the time, we have to understand what feminism isn't.

  • Feminism isn't a psychological attitude based on the idea that women are superior than men.
  • Feminism is a historical movement. Its birth is linked with the consideration that to be born female means to be born in a state of disadvantage, of difficulties and interiority. So feminism was born for the existance of a state of no freedom and no equality.
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But why does a person have to be feminist?
First of all, I wanna clarify something and I wanna do it with this pic.

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We need feminism because:

  • There are men who don't give a fuck about women's opinion and idea. There are men who can't let women travel or study or do whatever they want without their permission.
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  • There are people who think if a woman is victim of sexual abuse, it's her fault because she was wearing a mini-skirt, shorts. It's her fault because she is a woman and she has a vagina. So, dear people, print the next pics and hang them up in your home.
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  • If a woman say no, she is killed.
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  • A woman has to learn how to avoid an abuse but a man doesn't learn how to not rape.
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  • A man who date or have sex with many women is a playboy but if a woman do that, she is a slut.
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  • For many people killing or beating a girlfriend/wife for jealousy is right.
  • A lot of men deny the existence of violence against women.
  • For many people, a girl can't masturbate and boys don't cry but...
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...welcome to the reality, baby.

  • There are women forced to be prostitute for men's will.
  • a women can't abort because this makes her an assassin.
  • if a woman is strong and feminist is because she is ugly or sexually frustrated.
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  • People judge you because of your body.
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  • A man earns more than a woman because he is a man.
  • Womwn can't have a great career (it's hard having one) because of discrimination.
  • There are still "female things" and "male things"
  • "You're a girl and you can't do this"/"you're a boy, you can't do this".
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  • And also:
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Famous feminists are Emma Watson, Beyoncé, Kristen Stewart, Lena Dunham, Ellen Page, Jennifer Laurence, Taylor Swift, Zooey Deschanel*, Maryl Streep, Harry Styles and other names.
Maybe Emma Watson is the first name we think about when we talk about feminism.
Emma Watson is an United Nations Goodwill Ambassador and in 2014 she launched a gender equality initiative, HeForShe. For that occasion, she took a thirteen-minute speech about gender inequality and how to fight it. Her initiative aims to get men and boys to join the feminist fight for gender inequality.
Here is her speech.

_Today we are launching a campaign called HeForShe. I am reaching out to you because we need your hel. We want to end gender inequality and, to do this, we need everyone involved. This is the first campaign of its kind at the UN. We want to try to mobilize as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for change. And we don't just want to talk about it. We want to try and make sure that it's tangible.
I was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for UN Women six months ago. And, the more I spoke about feminism, the more I realized that fighting for women's rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.
For the record, feminism by definition is the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of political, economic and social equality of the sexes.
I started questioning gender-based assumptions a long time ago. When I was 8, I was confused for being called bossy because I wanted to direct the plays that we would put on for our parents but the boys were not. When at 14, I started to be sexualized by certain elements of the media. Whe at 15, my girl friends started dropping out of sports teams because they didn't want to appear muscly. When at 18, my male friends were unable to express their feelings.
I decided that I was a feminist and this seemed uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word. Women are choosing not to identify as feminists. Apparently, I'm among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen too strong, too aggressive, isolating and anti-men. Unattractive, even.
Why has the word become such an uncomfortable one? I am from Britain and I think it is right I am paid the same as my male counterparts. I think it is right that I should be able to make decisions about my own body. I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and decisions that will affect my life. I think it is right that socially I am afforded the same respect as men.
But sadly, I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to see these rights. No country in the world can yet say that they achieved gender equality. These rights, I consider to be human rights, but I am one of the lucky ones.
My life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn't love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My mentors didn't assume that I would go less far because I might give birth to a child one day. These influences were the gender equality ambassadors that made me who I am today. They may not know it but they are the inadvertent feminists that are changing the world today. We need more of those.
And if you still hate the word, it is not the word that is important. It's the idea and the ambition behind it, because not all women have received the same rights I have. In fact, statistically, very few have.
In 1997, Hillary Clinton made a famous speech in Beijing about women's rights. Sadly, many of the things that she wanted to change are still true today. But what stood out for me the most was that less than thirty percent of the audience were male. How can we effect change in the world when only half of it is invited or feel welcome to partecipate in the conversation?
Men, I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation. Gender equality is your issue too. Because to date, I've seen my father's role as a parent being valued less by society, despite my need of his presence as a child, as much as my mother's. I've seen young men suffering from mental illness, unable to ask forr help for fear it would make them less of a man. In fact, in the UK, suicide is the biggest killer of men between 20 to 49, eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I've seen men made fragile and insicure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don't have the beneafits of equality either.
We don't often talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that they are and that when they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence. If men don't have to be aggressive in order to be accepted, women won't feel compelled to be submissive. If men don't have to control, women won't have to be controlled.
Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive. Both men and women should feel free to be strong. It is time that we all perceive gender on a spectrum, instead of two sets of opposing ideals. If we stop defining each other by what we are not and start defining ourselves by who we are, we can all be freer and this is what HeForShe is about. It's about freedom.
I want men to take up this mantle so that their daughters, sisters and mothers can be free from prejudice but also so that their sons have permission to be vulnerable and human too, reclaim those parts of themselves they abandoned and, in doing so, be a more true and complete version of themselves.
You might be thinking "Who is this Harry Potter girl, and what is she doing speaking at the UN?" And it's a really good question. I've been asking myself the same thing.
All I know is that I care about this problem and I want to make it better. And, having seen what I've seen, and given the chance, I feel it is my responsability to say something.
Statesman Edmund Burke said "All that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for good men and women to do nothing".
In my nervousness for this speech and in my moments of doubt, I told myself firmly "If not me, who? If not now, when?". If you have similar doubts when opportunities are presented to you, I hope those words will be helpul. Because the reality is that if we do nothing, it will take seventy-five years, or for me to be nearly 100, before women can expect to be paid the same as men for the same work. Fifteen and a half million girls will be married in the next 16 years as children. And at current rates, it won't be until 2086 before all rural African girls can have a secondary education.
If you believe in equality, you might be one of those inadvertent feminists that I spoke of earlier, and for this, I applaud you. We are struggling for a uniting word, but the good news is we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I invite you to step forward, to be seen and to ask yourself "If not me, who? If not now, when?".
Thank you very, very much.
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Emma Watson, British actress and Goodwill Ambassador since 2014.

On January 21st 2017 a manifastation, called Women's March on Washington, took place into USA. Millions of people protested for women's rights, the reform of immigration, LGBT community's rights, environmental problems and against misogyny and xenophobia of many men including the new American President, Donald Trump.
So, we have to fight and never stop until gender disparities won't be eliminated and all human rights won't be accepted and recognized in every single centimeter of this world. And we have to do it every single day of our life.
Women and men can and have to collaborate together to make this world better because together we are stronger, powerful.

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And when we feel weak, we have to remember the reason why we start and ask ourselves "If we not, who? If not now, when?" like Emma Watson said in her speech.
Don't let anyone limit you. Don't let anyone define you "weak".

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Daisy xoxo.